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Information Literacy: Information Evaluation

Overview Information Literacy Tools For All Libraries

An important part of the information literacy process is being able to identify the good information from the rest. A number of tools and tests have been developed to make this evaluation process easier.

Schools - Information Evaluation


The CRAAP test can be applied to articles or websites to evaluate if content is reliable. Created by staff at Meriam Library at California State University, Chico, CRAAP refers to:

  • Currency: The timeliness of the information
  • Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs
  • Authority: The source of the information
  • Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content
  • Purpose: The reason the information exists

CARS Checklist

   Many colleges use some form the CRAAP test.

Another similar test is CARS.

  • CREDIBILITY – How do you know the information and author are authentic and reliable?
  • ACCURACY - How do you know the information is up-to-date, factual, detailed, and comprehensive? 
  • REASONABLENESS – How do you know the information is fair, objective, moderate, and consistent?
  • SUPPORT – How reliable, accurate, reasonable and well-supported are the sources for your resource? 

Below are some worksheets and more information about CARS